Metatarsalgia refers to pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot. This pain can be caused by anything that puts excessive pressure on that part of your foot, such as too-tight shoes or intense exercise, as well as various health conditions.
Stress fractures occur from tiny cracks in the bones from repetitive activity, referred to as cumulative trauma. Usually, stress fractures occur in the tibial and metatarsal bones (see diagrams below), but they can occur in any weight-bearing bones. Stress fractures occur in people who undergo a great deal of physical activity, such as military personnel, athletes, and runners.
A sprained ankle and a broken ankle can result from twisting and rolling the ankle. While both conditions cause ankle pain and instability, a broken ankle is a more serious injury that requires different treatment compared to a sprained ankle.
The foot is a complex intersection of numerous muscles, bones, and ligaments that work together to enable you to stand and walk. Occasionally, an issue with one of these anatomical structures leads to pain and puts limitations on your daily function.
Bunion surgery fixes a bony outgrowth at the base of the big toe. The growth is called a "bunion" or hallux valgus, and it forces the toe inward. Surgery for a bunion can involve cutting and realigning bone, repositioning muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the foot; and fusing or replacing a joint.
Your healthcare provider will likely recommend exercises as part of your broken ankle recovery plan. This will include a variety of movements aimed at helping to restore your ankle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and stability so you can resume your normal activities quickly and safely.
The fifth metatarsal is the bone on the outside of the midfoot at the base of the small toe. The proximal end of the fifth metatarsal (proximal means closer to the center of the body) is easily felt as the bump over the outside part of the midfoot. This part of the fifth metatarsal bone is prone to injury.
Jones fractures are caused by sudden force on the outside of the foot when twisted, usually with the heel off the ground. This can occur from overuse, playing sports, dancing, or a slip-and-fall accident.
The medial malleolus is an anatomical region of the tibia bone, which is the larger of the two lower leg bones. You can feel this area as the bump on the inner side of your ankle joint. It bears 90% of the weight-bearing load, so this is a common fracture. Medial malleolar fractures involve the articular surface of the ankle joint, which is where the bones meet in the joint.
Physical therapy for posterior tibial tendonitis (PTT) can help you regain normal foot and ankle range of motion (ROM), strength, and mobility. This can help eliminate your foot and ankle pain and get you back to your normal work and recreational activities.