The ankle joint is medically known as the talocrural joint. Three bones make up this joint; the tibia, fibula, and talus.1 The weight of the body is transmitted from the tibia to the talus which distributes the weight anteriorly and posteriorly within the foot.
Pain on the top of the foot can occur from injury or as a side effect of a medical condition. You may also experience swelling, numbness, tingling, or burning—depending on the cause of your foot pain. Conditions such as osteoarthritis, extensor tendonitis, and gout can cause pain on the top of the foot.
Arthritis in the toes is chronic inflammation of the joints in the forefoot. The joint most often affected is the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, which connects the big toe to the rest of the foot. Symptoms of toe arthritis are similar to those of arthritis that affects other joints: tenderness, swelling, stiffness, and pain.
The parts of the foot and its functions are unique but can also contribute to common foot problems. The many bones, ligaments, and tendons of the foot help you move, but they can also be injured and limit your mobility.
Common causes of foot pain include plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, osteoarthritis, bunions, and more. You may find just the top of your foot hurts, or you have one-sided foot pain, or there may be pain and swelling in both feet. These symptoms can point to a specific diagnosis.
Swelling in the ankles and feet is a common problem. This swelling is often caused by a buildup of fluid, which is called edema. Edema is common in the feet, ankles, and legs, and often only one ankle is swollen.
An ankle sprain is a stretch or tear in one or more of the ankle ligaments. Ankle ligaments are slightly elastic bands of tissue that keep the ankle bones in place. Ankles are particularly prone to sprain because of the small size of the joint and the forces exerted when walking, running and jumping, especially if the surface is uneven.
Pain on the outside of a person’s foot can occur before, during, or after activities such as walking. It can make standing or moving around difficult. Possible causes include joint or tendon inflammation and small fractures.
Achilles tendonitis (AT) is inflammation, pain, and swelling of the Achilles tendon. Insertional Achilles tendonitis is one type, which involves the lower part of the tendon that slots into the heel bone.
Anterior tibial tendonitis is a type of ankle injury. The anterior tibial tendon lies at the front of the ankle and helps flex the foot upward. Injury to this tendon usually occurs due to overuse.